Nitride Bonded Silicon Carbide (NBSIC) Kiln Furniture
Silicon Carbide based Ceramics are used for their good thermal, mechanical and wear resistance attributes. Although heating at high temperature and pressure can produce sintered pure silicon carbide, the process commercially viable. High-density silicon carbide materials are produced by introducing a bonding aid that produces a secondary phase. The thermomechanical properties are then often limited by the properties of the secondary bond. For example, the maximum operating temperature of Silicon Impregnated SiC (SISC/RBSIC) Bonded Silicon Carbide is 1375°C, the melting point of silicon.
Silcarb manufactures its NBSIC in a very controlled electric furnace where temperatures are very accurately maintained and pressures are regulated through the cycle.
Silcarb has a battery of furnaces in its Bangalore plant which manufactures a number of shapes, sizes, profiles of nitride bonded silicon carbide.
Silcarb manufactures these Kiln Furniture by a number of forming processes..
- Slip casting
- Uni Axial Pressing
- Isostatic Pressing
The required forming process is adapted for specific products.
- The properties of nitrogen bonded silicon carbide suit many harsh service conditions:
- Good wear resistance
- Good abrasive resistance
- High load carrying capacities up to 1650 degrees c. Load-carrying capacities at elevated temperatures far outperform other oxide bonded silicon carbide products.
- High Thermal shock resistance, low thermal expansion coefficient and high thermal conductivity. NBSIC can thus go through a number of thermal cycles without deforming, cracking etc
- Good chemical resistance acids, molten salts and halogens. NBSIC may be attacked by oxidising agents and strong bases such as iron oxide and sodium hydroxide.
- NBSIC can be used for molten metal contact without any wettability
- At elevated temperatures, NBSIC is a semiconductor
Silcarb makes its NBSIC in various percentages of silicon. The lowest percentage of being 10% going all the way up to 38% silicon with additions of aluminium oxides for molten metal applications.
Table 1. Typical mechanical and thermal properties for silicon nitride (20-30%) bonded silicon carbide (70-80%).
|Bending Strength (MPa)||38|
|Thermal Expansion Coefficient (x 10-6/ºC)||2.7|
|Thermal Conductivity (W/mK)||32|
|Maximum Operating Temperature (ºC)||1600|
Note:- The properties of NBSIC Ceramics manufactured by Silcarb vary based on application. Do get in touch for specif figures.
Silicon Nitride Bonded Silicon Carbide Bricks
Exploiting the material’s excellent stability and mechanical strength, nitrogen bonded silicon carbide bricks are used in a range of process furnaces and kilns such as the sidewalls of aluminium melting pots, the lower stack of blast furnaces, and as kiln furniture.
Nitrogen bonded silicon carbide is commonly found as a cast refractory for use under severe service conditions in place of alloys or other refractory materials. Near net shapes can be designed to reproduce the metal parts. The high hardness and abrasion resistance of the material means that components should be designed to avoid grinding or other finishing operations.
Applications of cast refractories exploit the physical and chemical properties of the material and the ability to form the material into complex shapes.
- Cyclone liners for abrasion resistance used in minerals plants, coal plants and in chemical and paper industries.
- Slurry pump parts for mineral processing and abrasive chemical industries.
- Coal burner, exhaust for use in the power plants
- Corrosion-resistant components for chemical plant.
- Pump components, piping liners, valve liners, spigots and nozzles.
- Non-ferrous metal contact applications
- Kiln furniture for high temperate applications
Get in touch for any shapes sizes of nbsic products, we can make a single piece for you if needed.
We have an in house die and tool design, manufacturing team and can make any complex shapes you need.
Current products produced by Silcarb in NBSIC
- NBSIC Beams
- NBSIC Plates(batts)
- NBSIC Bricks for Primary Aluminium Electrolytic Cell
- NBSIC Liners
- Complex NBSIC Shapes
- NBSIC Spray nozzles